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Reading and Language Arts
Class Size:
10 to 30
Recent Resources
  1. Independent and Subordinate Clauses
More Resources

There are 3 assets for this resource.


  • Clause Notes
  • Clause Practice Sheet
  • Commonly Used Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Newspapers (one for every 2-4 students)


  • Students will be able to recognize a clause
  • Students will be able to determine the difference between a independent and dependent (or subordinate) clause
  • Students will be able to identify independent and dependent clauses
  • Students will be able to find independent and dependent clauses in the newspapers


Resource Instructions

Review over what it takes to have a sentence. Ask students for examples. Begin discussing about how sometimes a sentence can be compound when it contains two simple sentences joined by a conjunction. Ask students for examples. Then tell about how these simple sentences are also called clauses when they are part of another sentence. Hand out and/or show the Clause Notes and discuss these as a class. Hand out and/or show the Commonly Used Subordinating Conjunctions. Discuss why these words change a clause from independent to dependent. The Clause Practice Sheet can be used here to see if they understand clauses. It could also be used at the end of the lesson as independent practice from everything they have done. Then ask each student to write a simple independent clause. Ask for volunteers to write them on the board. Now have the students get into groups of 2 to 4 and hand each group a newspaper. Have them look for independent clauses, subordinating conjunctions, and dependent clauses. Discuss in their group what they find. Walk around and observe the discussion among the groups and check for an understanding of the goals for the lesson.


Ask how the independent clauses that were written on the board could be changed to dependent clauses. Ask for volunteers that could show that with some of your examples. Now ask for volunteers that could use what is written to make either compound sentences or complex sentences. Remind them that a compound sentence has two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction and a complex sentence has an independent and a dependent clause.


The Clause Practice Sheet or have each student find sentences in the newspaper that contain independent clauses and sentences that contain dependent clauses. Have them cut the sentences out of the newspaper or write them.

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